Infertility Education - Infertility Evaluation And Diagnosis
The formal definition of infertility is failure to conceive after one year of unprotected intercourse. Usually, conception will take place within 6 months of trying and the full year allows for those cycles in which either ovulation did not take place or sperm were too late or too early for conception.
Gynecologists will recommend that the patient monitor her cycles with temperature charts or over-the-counter ovulation predictor kits to check whether ovulation is taking place. This also serves to verify whether the couple is having intercourse at the right time of the month. If pregnancy is still not achieved, it is usually at this point you will be referred to our practice for further diagnosis and treatment.
Fertility problems that can be diagnosed and treated with In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) which may include ovulation therapy, artificial insemination, surgery, in vitro fertilization and/or donor insemination for male infertility:
- Damaged or absent fallopian tubes.
- Unexplained infertility that is unresponsive to other treatments.
- Endometriosis which has failed surgical or medical treatment.
- Male Factor infertility with low counts, motility and/or morphology.
- Presence of anti-sperm antibodies in males.